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Types of Spine Surgery
Depending on the severity of patients's conditions, any of the following types of spinal surgeries can be recommended.
In this surgical procedure, the surgeon removes only a portion of the disc that lies between each vertebrae. A herniated disc is the main reason for this surgery. During the surgical procedure, the herniated disc is removed; it therefore eases the pressure on nerves.
It is recommended in a more severe condition. Though this type of surgical procedure is also done to ease the pressure on nerves, it does not only involve the removal of the herniated disc. Therefore to wear off the pressure on nerves, a foramenotomy removes a portion of bone as well as other tissue. Thus, due to the surgery, the compression on the nerves subsides and relieves pain.
This type of spinal surgery is recommended for patients who are suffering from grievous conditions like spinal stenosis and spondylolisthesis. Laminectomy can be combined with spinal fusion as well. But it depends on the amount of the bone removed during the surgery.
The surgery is performed on individuals who have an unstable spine, a condition medically known as spondylolisthesis. A spine fusion may also be required due to the extent of laminectomy, depending on the amount of the bone removed.
Spinal Disc Replacement
A spinal disc replacement surgery is a new entrant into the field of orthopaedic surgical science. The surgery is performed under specific conditions of back pain.
Spinal Rehabilitation Exercise
These rehabilitation exercises are aimed at mobilising the spinal segment and to correct the postural distortion. The extensor muscles of the back and the shoulder blades also strenghten due to the exercise. Patients are advised to perform these exercises on a hard surface with a carpet on it.
Lying on back, face upwards
Lie down on your back with your legs drawn up, knees bent and you feet touching the floor. Breathing in, raise both of your arms and move them beyond the head on the floor. Now breathe out as you bring back your arms extended sideways upto the shoulder level.
Lie down straight on the floor with legs drawn up, knees bent and feet touching the floor. Now, place your arms folded under the nape of the neck. Breathe in and press the elbows against the floor. Breathe out and relax.
Lie down on the floor with your back straight with legs bent double and feet touching the floor. Extend your arms sideways at the shoulder level. Now pull up your knees up to the chest and bring them to the left extended arm. Repeat the exrecise to your right in the same way.
Lying on the side
Lie down on your right side with your legs bent double, right hand under the nape of the neck and left on the knee. Keep your back straight. Breathing in, lift your left warm upwards. Now while in the same posture, turn your chest backwards until the extended arm touches the floor. While breathing out, come back to the starting position.
Lying face downwards
Lie with your face downwards, arms fully extended on either side at shoulder level. A small cushion should be placed under the stomach in case of a bent spine or pronounced lumber raise. Now lift up the extended arms without moving the head.
Lie with your face downwards, arms fully extended on either side at shoulder level. Now lift the upper half of the body including the head, the stretched out arms and the upper portion of the chest.
Lie with your face down and arms extended in front on either side of the head. Alternately, lift the arm up without moving the head.
Lie face downwards with both the arms extended in front on either side of the head. Raise both the arms together without moving the head.
Lie with face downwards with both the arms extended in front on either side of the head. Now, lift slowly both arms, head and the upper portion of the chest.
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